7 elements of interior design

Diamond Interior Design Package

Happy Monday everybody!

I hope you’re all well and had a wonderful weekend. I can’t believe it is blog time again.   I thought for my next blog and before I explore further topics, it would be prudent to explain to you some Interior Design basics – the 7 elements of Interior Design. This is pretty much the first thing you learn when you study design.


The first element of Interior Design is space.  But what does this mean? Space is defined by architecture – the walls, floor, ceiling, doors, and windows.  It’s the raw shell that we work with.  This is why we will often refer to a ‘room’ as a space – as in Interior Design lingo, this is what it is. Think bi fold doors, traditional sash windows, literally anything which creates the shape and ‘edge’ of what we are going to be working with.

In this example, the bi fold doors, and then the 2 internal walls contribute towards the space in which we are designing.


There are many kinds of light, you can of course have natural light (windows, skylights, open doors) or artificial light.  Within the artificial light category, there are more categories, being task, decorative and ambient lighting.  Ambient lighting is the general light in a room, the light that allows you to see around the room (think your main down lights perhaps).  Task lighting is exactly what it says: lighting that allows you to see whilst doing a task.  For example, a desk lamp, or under-counter lighting in a kitchen.

Home Office Interior Design 18

Here, you can see that the spotlights provide the ambient lighting, whilst the floor lamp and desk lamp act as our task lighting.

Decorative lighting is too self-explanatory, its elements of lighting design which don’t really provide much function but add to a lighting scheme – maybe LED strip lighting underneath shelving. Lighting is always a key consideration of Interior Design as it affects the way we see colour and texture and it must be thought through thoroughly.

The lighting underneath the worktop here would be classified as decorative lighting.


Form is the outline of an object or element – the volume, mass and scale.  One way of looking at it is the outline of the object and the form and physical presence this takes. 

Childrens room interior design boys room 13
An example here is the car shaped bed. The bed takes the form of a car with curved edges. It’s also a solid mass of an object.


Exactly what it says! Texture is integral to Interior Design and the more textures there are in a design, the more depth it will have – and the more successful it will be. Always try to include as much texture as possible, from plaster, to leather, wood, woven materials and more!  Texture also changes the way that light is reflected within a space adding even more depth to a design.

Lounge Design 87
Wooden shelving here is mixed with metal decor, jute pouffes and ceramic vases too, to create as much depth and interest to the design as possible.



Most probably the most obvious element but colour is so important in design too!  Different colours connote different psychological effects, so it is an important consideration when designing. Whilst also adding to mood and the ambience of a space, colour can also be used to correct spaces with less than perfect proportions. 

blue lounge design 71
Colour can be dark and mysterious.
Open plan lounge design 03
Or it can be light and airy. It really depends on the space and what the client wants too!


The choice of furniture is always very important – of course the design of a piece of furniture is imperative, but you also must consider other factors.  From functionality, budget and to comfort, it varies between each owner.  It also depends on what someone would want from their furniture and how they live as a household too.

Guest bedroom interior design 51
A guest bedroom utilising the beautiful Hemnes Range from IKEA to create a Boho chic room.


The accessories! Vases, wall art, sculptures and more.  Objects are the icing on top of the cake and add character and often a personal touch to a design, reflecting its owners.  Dependent on the design and the focus, varying numbers of objects can be considered. 

Formal lounge design 23
A formal lounge with bespoke carpentry to showcase their beautiful home accessories.

And those are the 7 elements of Interior Design! Of course, there is much more to explore within each of those categories but that gives a flavour of what they do all entail.

Don’t forget, you can always contact me to help you with your homes too via this link http://www.mpinteriors.co.uk/contact.

Take care everybody,


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